In the spring, from the simple fitting to the complete renovation, the lawn needs all your attention to find a beautiful aspect after the rigors of winter.
Establishing a Health Check
Compacted by rain, the lawn may show some signs of fatigue. The spring recovery is difficult. You should not worry too much about a dull or yellowed appearance. After a first mowing, vigorous regrowth can occur, favored by the heating of the temperatures and supported by an appropriate fertilizer.
Besides the damage caused by the bad season, other problems call for specific solutions: repair of some “holes” or flattening of molehills.
Lawn: remake or repair?
In a lawn invaded by moss or smothered by accumulated rubbish, a scarification operation can do wonders, although at first it may seem traumatic. Redoing the lawn is especially justified when it is gained by perennial wild herbs (quackgrass, sorrel, bindweed), if it needs to be drained or finally if you are tired of irregular ground made of hollows and bumps!
Repairing the lawn
Just a few treatments to have a beautiful lawn during the whole season: mow, replenish, enrich with nitrogen, compost, soil …
Before working on the lawn to repair or fertilize it, start by mowing it, taking care to pick up the grass. Observe the soil: a grass clippings of grass and plant debris accumulate and stifle the grass. For an impeccable lawn, a scarification is advised once or twice a year. Do not hesitate to rent a device for the occasion.
Refill the holes
Replenish the holes in places, the grass no longer grows and the soil is bare. If the situation results from a sowing that has not given anything, then it is enough to redo it. If not, start by treating the cause, an attack of tipules for example (subterranean larvae) using a natural insecticide. If the damage is due to repeated passages in the same place, it is better to arrange a path, Japanese footsteps or a small paved space (under a swing).
- Scrape and refine the surface to be replenished with a rake or claw. Water and apply a thin layer of potting soil.
- Sow a replanting turf that has the ability to grow quickly.
- Tasser, then water finely.
- If you are worried about the birds’ appetite or the damage of a pet, attach a fine mesh to the ground.
Greening the grass
The lawn loses its beautiful green color in winter, in cold weather, and in summer, in dry weather. Other reasons explain the yellowing of the grass: the lack of nitrogenous food is most often responsible for this coloring, but the essence of the mower, the urine of the dog are as many punctual causes. Each factor must be identified and processed. A dull, widespread color at the end of winter mainly calls for fertilizer.
- Do not apply fertilizer on a dry lawn.
- Spread after rain.
- For a quick effect, use a liquid organic fertilizer to dilute in water and to spray.
- For gradual and sustained action, choose a granular fertilizer to apply evenly with a spreader on wheels.
Enrich the land
In the same way that the soil of the vegetable garden is modified, the ground dedicated to the lawn can be improved. Whether the soil is too heavy and compact (it remains wet for a long time) or, on the contrary, sandy and too filtrant (it retains poor watering and fertilizers), its structure will be enhanced by the addition of compost, compost or two.
- Use universal compost and compost, first sieving them to obtain a very fine material.
- Apply in a layer of less than 1 cm.
- Spread on the surface using a lawn mower, and then insist: you do not have to see anything anymore.
- A good rain will finish your work.
Have a beautiful lawn in only 5 steps
Preparation of the ground, sowing, passage of the roller … the 5 key steps for a beautiful lawn. For a beautiful lawn less water-hungry, opt preferably for grasses resistant to the drought.
STEP 1: Clean the ground
The use of a motor hoe over 100 m2, is usual to loosen the soil while pulling the grass in place that you will previously mowed very short. The ground should be neither too wet nor too dry and the weather should announce a sunny period.
Carry out two crossings at very low speed to take the time to root out. If the strawberries turn too fast, the grubbing may be incomplete and the soil, reduced to dust by the machine, will be compacted at the first rain!
Tip: Then let the ground take the sun, the herbs that have not been completely destroyed will dry up.
STEP 2: Leveling the soil
Soil prepared for grass sowing Using a fang or claw, remove tufts of grass. Remove rooted plants, especially those with swiveling roots and broad leaves. There may be a few grasses left without any problems.
Level the ground to the hook or to the shovel to shave the buttes and to close the holes and finally to the rake to eliminate the clods, stones and roots. Use a lawn roller to get a properly packed seed bed.
Wait for weeds to emerge from the weed after they have been raked to destroy them more easily.
Sow the grass regularly
STEP 3: Seedlings
Choose a mix corresponding to the use of the lawn (amenity, games …).
Thoroughly mix the seeds to be sown because the smaller ones tend to fall to the bottom, the seedling would obviously not be uniform.
Hold the package or bucket with one hand against you and sow the other on the fly, throwing the seeds on the ground in front of you.
Advance in a straight line and always sow at the same pace: take a step, grab a handful of seeds, take another step, then throw away the seeds and so on.
Avoid sowing when there is wind!
To sow a large piece of land as regularly as possible, divide it into several plots using twine
To better locate you.
STEP 4: Cover the grass seeds
Rake For a less hazardous seeding, use a wheeled seed drill. It will be necessary to distribute about 40 g / m² of seeds that is 1 kg for 25 m². After sowing, use a rake to bury the seeds under 1 cm of soil, no more. Rake superficially, once forward, then backwards so as not to risk moving the seeds.
Wear flat shoes so as not to leave traces in which the seeds tend to accumulate.
STEP 5: Skip the roller
Roller for sowing of grassRoll again the soil stirred by the rake in order to improve the contact between the seeds and the soil and until there are no traces of roll or steps. The soil must be dry, otherwise the soil as the seeds will adhere to the roller!
Use a model of about 80 kg, the maximum average weight of people who will walk the lawn … Heat and humidity then promote a rapid seed lift. If the rain fails, water to keep the ground moist until the first mowing and beyond.
Ideally it would rain after planting, so in the south of France, do not sow too late in spring.
First Aid after Seeding
It is important that the soil remains fresh. When you water, do it gently without causing puddles, rather often than abundantly. Simply use the sprinkler that will be used for the lawn.
Eliminate large-leaf plants that have nothing to do in your lawn, by pulling them by hand or with a weeding knife.
Some seeds rise in 5 or 6 days, and the emergence is complete in 3 or 4 weeks. When the lawn reaches 5 cm in height, roll it to promote its implantation and the emission of new roots. The floor must not be moist.
Mowing occurs when the emergence is complete and the strands are 8 to 10 cm tall. Set the cutting height to a minimum of 4 or 5 cm to help grass roots and pick up the grass in the basket. Pass the roll one last time to “rechausser” the blades of grass.